What is hash?

Hash –or hashish –is a concentrated cannabis product that has documented uses dating back centuries. It’s derived from trichomes –also known as kief –which are tiny, crystal-like structures covering the buds and leaves of the cannabis plant. These trichomes contain high concentrations of the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes (such as THC and myrcene).

History & Use of Hash

The origins of hash can be traced back to ancient civilizations in Central Asia and the Middle East, where cannabis has been cultivated for thousands of years. These early cannabis enthusiasts discovered the resinous trichomes on the cannabis plant and began collecting it for its potent properties.

Throughout history, hash has been used for both recreational and medicinal purposes. In some cultures, it played a ceremonial role as incense or was consumed for spiritual and religious practices. Hash resin residue was found on altars inside a temple of the ancient kingdom of Judah, located in modern day Israel. In written record, one of the first mentions of hash is in a 10th century Iraqi text, Ibn Wahshiyya's Book of Poisons.

Creating Hash

The process of creating hash involves separating the trichomes from the plant material. In traditional methods, the harvested cannabis flowers were gently rubbed with bare hands or beaten to release the resin, which was then collected and pressed into a compact form. This method is commonly known as hand-rubbed hash or charas. The resulting brick, ball, or slab of hash can then be broken up into small pieces, placed into a pipe or water pipe, and smoked.

Over time, various techniques and tools were developed to refine the process of making hash. Methods like dry sifting, water extraction, and ice water extraction emerged, each producing unique textures, colors, and potencies of hash. These resulting in a wide range of hash varieties such as bubble hash, hash rosin, and more.

Hash can then be further refined via solvent or solventless methods for a wider variety of consumption options. One method applies pressure and heat to a brick of hash, resulting in rosin, a cannabinoid and terpene-rich concentrate that’s used most commonly for dabbing. Butane hash oil, or BHO, is another hash-derived concentrate made by using chemical solvents like butane or propane to pull the essential oils out of the plant material.

Between its various unprocessed forms like charas and Moroccan hash –which can be smoked –and more modern varieties like hash rosin and bubble hash –which can be vaporized –hash is gaining popularity around the world for its flavor, potency, and flexibility.

  • What is hash?

    What is hash?

    Hash –or hashish –is a concentrated cannabis product that has documented uses dating back centuries. It’s derived from trichomes –also known as kief –which are...
  • How is hash made?

    How is hash made?

    Hash is a concentrated cannabis product made by extracting and isolating trichomes from the plant material. Trichomes –also known as kief –are tiny, crystal-like structures...
  • What is a dab rig?

    What is a dab rig?

    A dab rig is a specialized type of water pipe used for smoking cannabis concentrates, such as rosin, hash, or wax. These concentrates are placed...